Family: Centrachidae

Common Family: The Sunfish Family

Common Name: Bluegill

Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus


Bluegill are generally silver to greenish with sides that can be a deep orange or rusty color. Bluegills have long pointed pectoral fins. They also have a small mouth that does not extend beyond the eye. Adult bluegill will have a black blotch near the end of the soft dorsal fin.

Range and Habitat:

Bluegill can be found in Indiana’s warm water streams, lakes, ponds, and reservoirs. They like weedy areas along the shoreline where they can hide and obtain food. Insects are their primary food source.

Fishing Facts:

Small lures, wet flies, and small live bait such as meal worms and earthworms produce nice catches of bluegill in Indiana.

Similar Species:

Longear and green sunfish have short rounded pectoral fins and larger mouths.